Amino acids in a long chain are called proteins. But amino acids in a short chain held together by “peptide” bonds are called peptides. Peptides work by activating various receptors throughout the body, causing the release of hormones that influence your health, body composition, and exercise performance and recovery.
Researchers have developed the Peptide Theory of Aging based on the power of peptides. The Peptide Theory of Aging says aging is inevitable due to changes in the expression of specific genes. Impaired production of regulatory peptides results in structural and functional changes in cells, which initiate the development of chronic diseases. Correspondingly, correcting such disorders by administering these peptides promotes the normalization of disturbed body functions and the reversal of aging.
Peptides have some remarkable effects on aging. Peptides exert their anti-aging influence through various mechanisms. Peptides increase antioxidant enzyme activity, reduce inflammation, increase advanced glycation product removal, increase expression of 5-HT receptors, and regulate the gut microbiota, just a few functions of the peptides. Peptides affect blood pressure, cholesterol, obesity, diabetes, muscle, bone, and aging.